More than half a million people in the world are affected by floods every year. Floods are the most common and frequent of all natural disasters. Frequency and severity of floods are increasing, together with the size of flooded areas, the number and level of peak water elevations compared with what was taking place a few decades ago. The reasons for that are numerous. Some believe it’s a consequence of climate change; others argue that changes in land use patterns is the main driver. Despite the differences between their environmental and socio-economic situations, all five BRICS countries are facing the flood risk management challenge. Reducing these risks requires adapting to climate change; taking into account flood risks when choosing land management techniques; closely working with the population to promote responsible personal and group behaviour; and bringing planned and actual steps to identify and counter the most critical risks closer to each other, within a socially, environmentally, economically, and politically acceptable framework. The session’s objective is to discuss and compare innovative approaches, methodologies, and tools for analysing current knowledge about temporal and spatial dimensions and characteristics of floods in various regions; consider how these changes affect flood risks; and real and expected occurrences’ consequences for management decision-making. The accent should be placed on major hydrological risk factors, structural and non-structural water sector policies aimed at reducing the risks. BRICS countries have a considerable experience of managing floods, so it would be important to analyse actual case studies and reports, past and present, describing and/or comparing various risk types, illustrating the recent changes in flood risk perception, and how these changes affect decision-making on water resources management.
Session Program: BRICS Water Forum_Session 6 Programme (PDF, 986 Kb)
Session Chair: Boris N. Porfiriev, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Deputy Director of the RAS Institute of Economic Forecasting
Dr., Prof. Boris Porfiriev is the Deputy Director and Head of the Laboratory for analysis and forecasting of natural and technological risks to economic development in the Institute of Economic Forecasting, Russia Academy of Sciences. A cum laude graduate in economic geography of the Moscow State University he received both his Doctor of Science in economics and full Professor’s diploma from the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Porfiriev is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and was the first vice-president of the International Research Committee for Disasters (2002-2006, 2011-2015) of the International Sociological Association. Within these frameworks he contributed to a number of major social science projects on disaster risk reduction and crisis management in Russia and internationally. His publications on disaster risk evaluation, disaster and crisis policy, economics and management of natural hazards including economics of climate change include over 30 monographs and multi-authored volumes and over 300 research papers and reports published in Australia, China, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, Sweden, UK and USA.
He is an Editorial board member of the international journals: Contingencies and Crisis Management, Disasters, Disaster Risk Reduction, Environmental Hazards, Environmental Management.Dr. Porfiriev is also a chair of the editorial board and chief editor of the peer-reviewed journals Effective Anti-Crisis Management and Issues of Risk Analysis, respectively andan editorial board member of a number of other professional journals in the areas above published in Russia.
Deputy Session Chair: Alexander N. Gelfan, Deputy Director of the RAS Institute of Water Problems
Gelfan N. Alexander is a Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Deputy Director for Science, Institute of Water Problems.Specialist in the field of mathematical modeling of the hydrological cycle, land processes and the formation of river flow. His main areas of research related to the development of dynamic-stochastic models of runoff formation and their use for hydrological calculations and forecasts, including those for the assessment of danger of occurrence and the extent of catastrophic floods, the long-term ensemble forecasts of spring flood, the sensitivity of estimates of the hydrological cycle to climate change and anthropogenic impacts on the river catchment.
Alexander N. Gelfan is deputy chairman of the Scientific Council of DES RAS "Vodnye resursy shushi", a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Committee on the system analysis and the climate of the Council of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vice-President of the Commission for Hydrology Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the European Union geophysical Sciences.
Alexander N. Gelfan member of the editorial board of the journal "Water Resources", Journal of the European Union of Geosciences "Hydrology and Earth System Sciences" and the "Earth System Science Data". Directs the working group "Physics of Hydrological Predictability", created in the framework of a new scientific decades of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences "Panta Rhei".